Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy is a group of permanent disorders of movement and posture, which are caused by disturbances that occurred in the developing foetal or infant brain.1

Cerebral palsy represents the most common physical disability in childhood and occurs in around 1 in 500 live births.2

Diagnosis often occurs between the ages of 1 to 2 years and is based on clinical signs such as spasticity (muscle rigidity causing stiffness and movement restriction), dyskinesia (difficulty in performing voluntary movements) and ataxia (inability to coordinate muscle activity).2

Although people with cerebral palsy are affected to varying extents, many experience limitations of activities and other disabling medical conditions:2

  • Chronic pain (experienced by 3 in 4 children with cerebral palsy)
  • Intellectual disability (1 in 2)
  • Hip displacement (1 in 3)
  • Behavioural problems (1 in 4)
  • Epilepsy (1 in 4)
  • Bladder control problems (1 in 4)
  • Chronic drooling (1 in 5)
  • Sleep disorders (1 in 5)
  • Blindness (1 in 10)
  • Feeding difficulties (1 in 15 require tube feeding)
  • Deafness (1 in 25)

Early strategies are recommended to optimise movement, cognition and communication skills and to prevent additional impairments and minimise complications.2

At Proveca, we are working to improve the lives of children with cerebral palsy, with the development of a symptomatic treatment for chronic drooling. We are also working with charities and organisations to support patients and carers, including The Bobath Centre  for children with cerebral palsy, the European Bobath Tutors Association  and Cerebral Palsy Sport.

  1. Rosenbaum P, et al. Dev Med Child Neurol Suppl. 2007;109:8-14.
  2. Novak I, et al. JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171:897-907.


Created: March 2020